Global Warming and Corn in North Dakota,.
Warmer temperatures—which give corn plants more days to mature—have helped make it more practical to plant the crop in North Dakota. In the past 100 years, the state’s average temperature has risen 2.7 degrees, lengthening the growing season by an average 1.2 days per decade, said Adnan Akyuz, the state’s climatologist.
“The corn industry’s impact on North Dakota’s economy has grown substantially over the past 40 years, in which the state’s corn cropland has increased 8 percent.”
- “advancements in biotechnology and high corn prices are pushing the nation’s Corn Belt northward”
- “hardier seeds are enabling farmers to grow corn in areas once deemed inhospitable to the crop”
- “Corn prices are about double historical norms, driven by food demand in China and other fast-growing countries, as well as the rise of U.S. ethanol production. Farmer Steve Fritel planted more corn than wheat for the first time this spring. ‘Wheat is profitable; corn is just more profitable,’ said the 58-year-old, who farms about 4,000 acres near Rugby with his son Brad.”
- “Excluding labor and management costs, farmers here in north-central North Dakota will earn about $126 per acre in profit from corn this year, about double the expected return of $65 an acre for wheat, said Dwight Aakre, an extension economist at North Dakota State University.”
- “Corn is a higher grossing crop than either soybeans or wheat. In 2008, corn created $464/acre of cropland, which is $95/acre more than the second highest crop in wheat, and $192/acre more than soybeans.”
- “Researchers have developed corn varieties that mature faster and need less moisture, alleviating concern about the region’s relatively short growing season and variable precipitation.”